On the basis of Ming Dynasty's multicolored porcelain, there was a new development. Great changes have taken place in the types, patterns and colors of utensils. The five colors of Shunzhi and Kangxi are representative.
On the basis of Ming Dynasty's five colors, Shunzhi's five colors have developed, which can be clearly seen from the Ming Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty. There are many similarities between multicolored porcelain and blue and white porcelain of the same period in shape and decoration. There are jar, bottle, garlic bottle, goblet, plate and so on. Flower motif is the main theme of ornamentation, and double horn peony is more common. In addition to flower patterns, there are figures, animals and other decorative patterns. The proportion of animal patterns is relatively large, and most of them occupy the whole space of objects. From Shunzhi to the early Kangxi period, it was common to use red color to draw various kinds of brocade patterns on the ground outside the pattern, which was the characteristic of the multicolored porcelain decoration in this period, and the mouth was decorated with soy color.
Kangxi's five colors had a great development on the basis of the Ming Dynasty and the Qing Dynasty Shunzhi five colors. First of all, it is reflected in the large quantity of firing, the hard enamel of the fetus, the rich types of utensils and the wide range of decorative subjects. There are new changes in the use of color: overglaze blue color instead of underglaze blue color, blue is more gorgeous; black color is added, black
color is as black as paint, with a sense of brightness; and gold color is added to make the five colors more magnificent. In addition to several newly added colors, Kangxi's five colors have a strong contrast in hue, and the contrast between red and green is clear. It can be divided into different color levels. Some of them use green color more, some use red color, and some ink color. Some of them are mainly gold colored, so they have formed many different styles and changed a lot.
The firing process of blue and white multicolored porcelain is complex. First, the blue and white materials are used to draw a certain pattern on the body, and then it is fired into the kiln. Then red, yellow, green, purple, ochre and other colors painted on the fired porcelain, and finally into the kiln at 700 degrees low temperature. Multicolored porcelain does not mean that there must be five colors, which can be increased or decreased according to the needs of decoration. Underglaze blue and white is one of the "five colors". Blue and white multicolored porcelain was very popular in the Jiajing and Wanli periods of the Ming Dynasty. The pictures were rough, the colors were gorgeous, and the shapes and styles were different. This feature first appeared in the Qianlong period, and it has been used in the late Qing Dynasty. The pattern of the blue and white colorful eight immortals character story bottle is usually the pattern sent by "Da Nei", and the theme decoration is strictly regulated according to different seasons. In addition to pastel painting, it often adds painting material color, gold color or black color,
or applies it together with blue and white, five colors and fighting colors. This kind of painting on an object or making it with various color painting techniques can be said to be a combination of various ceramic techniques, which fully reflects the exquisite porcelain making technology.